Bacterial plaque (the film on your teeth) can always be found on the surface of your teeth. If left undisturbed, this plaque has been shown to cause inflammation and destruction of the gum and bone around your teeth ("Periodontal Disease").
Additional factors have also been shown to influence the development of periodontal diseases such as smoking, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases.
In order to preserve a healthy tooth foundation, a small distance must be maintained in the space between the gum tissue and bone. Normally, this small space does not permit the pooling of more aggressive bacteria, which may destroy the bone supporting the teeth. As we lose bone, a deep space develops below the gum line called "Pockets". Deep "pockets" allow the pooling of bacteria and the formation of tartar, which is almost impossible to remove and reach via dental cleanings. In this case, the undisturbed bacteria may change to a more aggressive form that can destroy the gum and bone foundation around the tooth.
Pocket Reduction Surgery is utilized to return the space between the gum and bone (around teeth) to a healthy distance. The overall goal of this type of therapy is to help stop the progression of the disease process and prolong the lifespan of your teeth.